Eczema Treatment Bend, OR

What is Eczema?

Eczema is commonly known as atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema.  This condition is commonly found in children but can continue into adulthood.  It is a chronic condition characterized by red, itchy, and dry skin caused by inflammation.  It may sometimes be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.  This may affect any area of your skin but it is commonly seen on the arms and behind the knees.

What are the causes of eczema?

Specialists are not exactly sure what causes eczema.  Their theory is that it could be a result of a number of things like genetic predisposition, any abnormal function of the immune system or environmental factors.  Any activities that can cause skin to be more sensitive, dry or irritable and or any defects in the skin barrier can also contribute to having eczema.

What are the symptoms of eczema?

Usually, eczema exhibits itself as patches of chronically dry, itchy and thick skin that appear on the hands, neck, face, and leg area.  Your skin may have the appearance of red to brownish-gray colored patches and the itching may be more severe at night.  The affected areas may have small bumps that leak fluid when scratched.  In infantile eczema, the inner creases of the elbows and knees are commonly affected.

It is recommended to visit your doctor if you experience any of the following:

  • If you grow a rash and you have a family history of eczema
  • If your condition does not improve by using over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medicines
  • If your rash becomes crusty or develops blisters that are filled with pus or liquid

How is eczema treated?

Mild cases of eczema can be managed with good skin care routine.  But if a patient has a severe case of eczema, doctors will recommend that you take medications to control the symptoms.  Listed below are the common medications prescribed for eczema:

  • Hydrocortisone
  • Antibiotics, Antihistamines
  • Oral or Injected Corticosteroids
  • Ultraviolet Light Therapy
  • Immunosuppressant and Immunodilator
  • Prescription Strength Moisturizers

For Infantile Eczema, the doctor first identifies the cause of the skin irritation and advises the parents to avoid it. It is also recommended to keep the baby’s skin moisturized by using bath oils, creams and lotions.  If a patient’s rash is infected, the doctor will recommend medication to avoid infection and will recommend an antihistamine to help control itching and discomfort especially during bedtime.