Acne Treatment Bend, OR

What is acne?

Acne is clinically known as Acne Vulgaris and is a skin condition that involves the sebaceous glands at the base of the hair follicles.  It is very common to see this during puberty because, at this period, the sebaceous glands exhibit an increase in hormonal stimulation.  Acne usually forms when the hair follicles under your skin clog up.  Normally, an oily liquid or sebum is produced by the glands, which carry dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin.  When these follicles get blocked, oil will accumulate under the skin and acne is formed.  It would usually appear on the face, back, neck, shoulders and chest.  Acne usually appears on the skin as occluded pores (blackheads or whiteheads), red bumps (pimples or zits), pustules, or cysts. This condition is not serious, but if proper attention is not given, this can lead to scarring.

What causes acne?

Doctors cannot pinpoint exactly what causes acne and believe that this can be due to a combination of factors.  The rise in the level of androgen during adolescence has been identified as the primary cause of acne.  Increase in the levels of androgen makes the oil glands enlarge and produce more oil and can result in the breaking of cellular walls in your pores.

It is also believed that genetics makes a person predisposed to getting acne.  Hormone changes during pregnancy can also lead to acne even if this was never a problem before you conceived.  For some people, cosmetics and certain medications cause them to have breakouts.  There is no proven link between greasy and fried food, chocolate and junk foods to acne.  Stress does not cause acne but can aggravate it or make it worse.

How is acne treated?

Mild acne is usually treated with over-the-counter topical medications.  These can be bought at your local pharmacy without any need for a prescription.  These acne products would usually contain any of the following active ingredients:

  • Benzoyl Peroxide
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Resorcinol
  • Retin-A
  • Sulfur
  • Azelaic Acid

For more severe cases of acne, experts recommend the following for acne management:  having a corticosteroid injection, Isotretinoin, oral antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and topical antimicrobials (topical retinoids like adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin). If over-the-counter medications do not work for you, consult a specialist so that you will be given the proper prescription for your type of acne.  It is recommended that a thorough consultation be made with your specialist to make sure that the correct treatment plan is given to you.